Saint-Denis, Reunion Island, 21°S, 55°E
BIRA-IASB has operated a MAX-DOAS instrument at Saint Denis (21°S), for one year (from July 2004 to July 2005). The instrument covered a very large spectral window, from 300 nm to 450 nm in order to measure, NO2, BrO, HCHO and also to detect SO2 events.
Instrument and operation
The MAXDOAS instrument consisted of a grating spectrometer covering the spectral range from 300 to 450 nm and a back-illuminated CCD operated at -40°C. A fiber optic bundle mounted on a telescope and coupled to a rotating mirror was used to collect the skylight scattered at different elevation angles from 3° to zenith within a field of view of approximately one degree. The whole system was placed inside a thermally regulated container directed towards the north.
The instrument allowed the detection of all primary gases (NO2, O3, HCHO, SO2 and BrO). More specifically, the analysis of BrO has received a special attention. A new retrieval scheme has been designed to infer the tropospheric and stratospheric BrOcolumns based on an analysis of the complete diurnal evolution of the measured column. The evaluation makes uses of a multiple scattering radiative transfer code coupled to a chemical box model that properly accounts for the large gradients in the stratospheric BrO field at twilight. Results have confirmed the presence of a free tropospheric BrO background. The total columns were consistent with simultaneous observations from satellites measurements.
Data are available on request. Please, contact Nicolas Theys.
List of publications
N. Theys, M. Van Roozendael, F. Hendrick, C. Fayt, C. Hermans, J.-L. Baray,
F. Goutail, J.-P. Pommereau, and M. De Mazière
N. Theys, F. Hendrick, M. Van Roozendael, I. De Smedt, C. Fayt, R. van der
N. Theys, M. Van Roozendael, Q. Errera, F. Hendrick, F. Daerden, S. Chabrillat,
M. Dorf, K. Pfeilsticker, A. Rozanov, W. Lotz, J.P. Burrows, J.-C. Lambert,
F. Goutail, H.K. Roscoe, and M. De Mazière
Vigouroux, C., Hendrick, F., Stavrakou, T., Dils, B., De Smedt, I., Hermans, C., Merlaud, A., Scolas, F., Senten, C., Vanhaelewyn, G., Fally, S., Carleer, M., Metzger, J.-M., Muller, J.-F., Van Roozendael, M., and De Mazière, M.: Ground-based FTIR and MAX-DOAS observations of formaldehyde at Reunion Island and comparisons with satellite and model data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9523-9544, doi:10.5194/acp-9-9523-2009, 2009. http://atmos-chem-phys.net/9/9523/2009/acp-9-9523-2009.html